Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Madrid, Spain

Universidad Politécnica de Madrid ( (UPM) is the oldest and largest of the Spanish Technical Universities. It has more than 200 Research Units and several Research Institutes and Technological Centres.
The Biomedical Engineering and Telemedicine Centre (GBT) ( of UPM is a leading research centre for technological development focused on biomedical engineering. It keeps beneficial partnership with public and private sectors in its research and technological development areas. GBT includes 55 Researchers (4 Professors, 9 postdoc researchers, 24 PhD students’ researchers, 3 engineers and around 15 graduate students).
During the last decade, GBT-UPM has published over 400 scientific publications and participated in over 60 European and Spanish research projects, including: SINERGIA, 2003-2006; SIMILAR- FP6-507609, 2003-2007; TELMA- TSI-020110-2009-85, 2009-2011; SCATh – ICT-4-2009.5.2-FP7-248782, 2010-2012; MISTELA – 528125-LLP-1-2012-1-UK, 2013-2014, KTS - 543202-LLP-1-2013-1-ES-KA3-KA3MP).
GBT-UPM has taken an active research activity on TEL for healthcare education. This work can be structured in several areas:
1) Analysis, design and specification of systems for surgical training: Identification of didactic objectives; definition of didactic content for VR simulators; motion analysis.
2) Sensorial interaction: realism in VR simulators; identification of training objectives and metrics; augmented reality.
3) Endoscopic video analysis for tracking and reconstructing elements of the surgical scene.
4) Interactive didactic guides for training and assessment.

5) Authoring tools for multimedia didactic contents creation based on surgical video.


As promoters of the project, UPM will assume the role of Scientific Coordination. As such, it will participate in all work packages, proactively striving to steer the project towards success; as well as supervising all scientific dissemination of results.
Given its experience, UPM will be leader of WP5, concerned with the definition of the requirements of the learning management system, as well as its architecture and the communications protocols with external learning assets. A similar role was already successfully undertaken by UPM in project MISTELA.
UPM will also be in charge of defining the user model (WP3). The model will be key in providing students and tutors comprehensive, objective data on learning progress, and path training curricula accordingly. In the future, data generated by the model could be key to gaining knowledge on the mechanisms underlying surgical and interventional training, and accordingly be able to program curricular pathways automatically (adaptive learning, recommendations).
UPM will also integrate (1) AMELIE Authoring Tool into the LMS, which allows enhancing raw videos to create augmented, interactive didactic contents (2) EVA, a video-based tracking system of laparoscopic instruments in box trainers (WP6).
Apart from this, UPM will also play an important role in the following tasks:
- Definition of the pedagogical model (WP3).
- Implementation of the LMS (WP6).
- Technical verification (WP6).
- Validation (technical support, validation plan, benchmarking, data analysis) (WP7).
- Dissemination (WP8) and exploitation (WP9).
In addition, strict accounting and financial management of the university itself will also be respected, and UPM will commit to observe the principles of the Commission and will fulfil the contractual and financial obligations of the Grant Agreement.
Members of the Staff:

Enrique J. Gómez Aguilera

Dr Enrique J. Gómez Full Professor at Universidad Politécnica de Madrid; Director of Photonics Technology and Bioengineering Department; Director of Master degree MSc on Biomedical Engineering; Telecommunication engineering and PhD Thesis on BME at this university; Visiting Professor at City University, University of Patras, University of Athens and Technical University of Sczcecin. Main research interests: Medical imaging, Virtual Reality Simulators and Video Analysis in MIS training, Ambulatory Monitoring and Telecare of Chronic Patients, e-Learning solutions for health professionals.
Project Director of 51 national and international projects in the field of biomedical engineering and telemedicine, funded by public and private sectors. Author or co-author of 528 publications on scientific journal papers and conference proceedings in related fields.
Secretary General of Spanish Society for Biomedical Engineering and former Treasurer of European Alliance for Medical and Biological Engineering & Sciences society-EAMBES.


Ignacio Oropesa García

Dr Ignacio Oropesa García. Assistant Professor at Universidad Politécnica de Madrid. PhD in Biomedical Engineering at Universidad Politécnica de Madrid. His research work has been focused mainly on the area of technologies for minimally invasive surgery, both for teaching, training and assessment of skills and for surgical navigation and image guided surgery. His areas of experience include the definition of training and assessment TEL-based methods for MIS technical skills. He has worked on the definition of the EVA Tracking System, a method based on computer vision to track laparoscopic instruments and perform motion analysis in order to assess surgical performance both in box trainers and virtual environments (the latter within the context of project KTS (543202-LLP-1-2013-1-ES-KA3-KA3MP)). He has experience in machine learning applied to automatic assessment of surgical skills. Finally, he has experience on e-learning technologies and authoring tools, developed within the context of project MISTELA (528125-LLP-1-2012-1-UK).
As a PhD researcher, he carried out research stays both at the Delft University of Technology and the University of Oxford. He has 10 full articles published in JCR-indexed journals, 5 of them as first author; as well as 2 book chapters. He has contributed to more than 20 articles to international conferences, having defended 3 of them as first author. He has worked on 3 national and 2 European research projects, MISTELA and KTS. He has teaching experience in Image Processing Surgical Simulation and Planning, as well as in tutoring both graduate and master students’ theses. Finally, he is a member of the Spanish Society for Biomedical Engineering since 2011.

Patricia Sánchez Gonzále
Dr Patricia Sánchez González. Assistant Professor at Universidad Politécnica de Madrid. PhD in Biomedical Engineering at Universidad Politécnica de Madrid. She has teaching experience since 2007 and a tutoring record of more than 30 grad and master students in their final dissertations.
Her main research field focuses on the development of new TEL solutions for healthcare education, with a special focus in minimally invasive surgery (MIS). Her areas of experience include (1) virtual and augmented reality applied to the definition and development of surgical simulators; (2) development of e-learning and video-based authoring tools and applications; (3) computer vision applications focused on endoscopic video analysis. The latter area has seen developments on laparoscopic instrument tracking, reconstruction of the surgical scene and tracking of the endoscope in the surgical scenario. These developments have been applied both to the field of surgical training and for research in new surgical navigation systems to support surgeons inside the operating room.
In recent years she has participated in 14 national research projects and 7 European research projects, including MISTELA (528125-LLP-1-2012-1-UK) and KTS (543202-LLP-1-2013-1-ES-KA3-KA3MP). She has published 26 journal articles, +65 congress articles and 3 book chapters.
She is a member of the Spanish Society for Biomedical Engineering since 2007, and has participated in the scientific boards of several congresses, including the IADIS International Conference-ehealth, the Congress of the Spanish Society for Biomedical Engineering (CASEIB) and the Congress of the Spanish Society for Surgical Research (SEIQ).
Oropesa I, Sánchez-González P, Sánchez-Peralta LF, Chmarra MK, Våpenstad C, Gutiérrez D, Pagador JB, Langø T, Dankelman J, Sánchez-Margallo FM, Gómez EJ (2016) MISTELA: Application of a pedagogical model for online learning of MIS nontechnical skills in Europe. British Journal of Surgery 103(S1): 6.
Oropesa I, de Jong T, Sánchez-González P, Dankelman J, Gómez EJ (2016) Feasibility of tracking laparoscopic instruments in a box trainer using a leap motion controller, Measurement; 80:115-124.
Oropesa I, Sánchez-Margallo JA, Sánchez-González P, Pagador JB, Tsolkas G, Skarmeas N, Sánchez-Margallo FM, Gómez EJ (2015) Controlling virtual scenarios for minimally invasive surgery training using the EVA Tracking System. Libro de Actas del XXXIII Congreso Anual de la Sociedad Española de Ingeniería Biomédica (CASEIB2015): 431-434.
Sánchez-González P, Oropesa I, Rodríguez-Vila B, Sánchez-Margallo JA, Cueto E, Peris JL, Mayol J, Sánchez-Margallo FM, Gómez EJ (2015) NAVISurg: Decision support and navigation assistance for safer image-guided surgery in pancreatic interventions. International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery; 10(s1): S226-228.
Cortina-Januchs MG, Sánchez-González P, Luna M, Oropesa I, Sánchez-Margallo JA, Sánchez-Margallo FM, Gómez EJ (2015) Content based system retrieval for minimally invasive surgery repository. International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery; 10(s1): S266-267.
Sánchez-Peralta LF, Pagador JB, Våpenstad C, Oropesa I, Chmarra MK, Langø T, Dankelman J, Gómez EJ, Sánchez-Margallo FM (2015) Nissen fundoplication: a case study of didactic criteria for cognitive training based on the MISTELA environment. British Journal of Surgery; 102 (s3): 5.
Oropesa I, Sánchez-González P, Chmarra MK, Lamata P, Pérez-Rodríguez R, Jansen FW, Dankelman J, Gómez EJ (2014) Supervised classification of minimally invasive surgery psychomotor competence based on instruments’ motion analysis, Surgical Endoscopy; 28(2): 657-670
Pérez Escamirosa F, Ordorica Flores RM, Oropesa I, Zalles Vidal CR, Minor Martínez A (2014) Face, content, and construct validity of the EndoViS training system for objective assessment of psychomotor skills of laparoscopic surgeons, Surgical Endoscopy; online first.
Sánchez-Margallo JA, Sánchez-Margallo FM, Pagador JB, Oropesa I, Gómez EJ and Moreno del Pozo J (2014) Utilidad de un sistema de seguimiento óptico de instrumental en cirugía laparoscópica para evaluación de destrezas motoras, Cirugía Española; 92(6): 421-428.
Sánchez-Margallo JA, Sánchez-Margallo FM, Oropesa I and Gómez EJ (2014) Systems and technologies for objective evaluation of technical skills in laparoscopic surgery, Minimally Invasive Therapy & Allied Technologies; 23(1): 40-51. doi:10.3109/13645706.2013.827122.
Oropesa I, Sánchez-González P, Chmarra MK, Lamata P, Fernández A, Sánchez-Margallo JA, Jansen FW, Dankelman J, Sánchez-Margallo FM and Gómez EJ (2013) EVA: Laparoscopic instrument tracking based on endoscopic video analysis for psychomotor skills assessment, Surgical Endoscopy; 27(3): 1029-1039.
Oropesa I, Chmarra MK, Sánchez-González P, Lamata P, Rodrigues SP, Enciso S, Sánchez-Margallo FM, Jansen FW, Dankelman J and Gómez EJ (2013) Relevance of motion-related assessment metrics in laparoscopic surgery, Surgical Innovation; 20(3): 302-315.
Sánchez-González P, Burgos D, Oropesa I, Romero, V Albacete A, Sánchez-Peralta LF, Noguera, J Sánchez-Margallo FM and Gómez EJ (2013) TELMA: Technology enhanced learning environment for minimally invasive surgery, Journal of Surgical Research; 182(1):21-9.
Oropesa I, Sánchez-González P, Lamata P, Chmarra MK, Pagador JB, Sánchez-Margallo JA, Sánchez-Margallo FM and Gómez EJ (2011) Methods and Tools for Objective Assessment of Psychomotor Skills in Laparoscopic Surgery, Journal of Surgical Research; 171(1): e81-e95.
Sánchez-González P, Cano AM, Oropesa I, Sánchez-Margallo FM, del Pozo F, Lamata P and Gómez EJ (2011) Laparoscopic Video Analysis for Training and Image Guided Surgery, Minimally Invasive Therapy & Allied Technologies; 20(6): 311-20.
Lamata P, Gómez EJ, Sánchez-Margallo FM, López Ó, Monserrat C, García V, Alberola C, Rodríguez Florido MÁ, Ruiz J and Usón J (2007) SINERGIA laparoscopic virtual reality simulator: Didactic design and technical development. Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine 85(3): 273-283.
Lamata P, Gomez EJ, Bello F, Kneebone RL, Aggarwal R and Lamata F (2006) Conceptual framework for laparoscopic VR simulators. Computer Graphics and Applications, IEEE 26(6): 69-79.